To design for accessibility means to be inclusive to the needs of your users. This includes your target users, users outside of your target demographic, users with disabilities, and even users from different cultures and countries. Understanding those needs is the key to crafting better and more accessible experiences for them.
When it comes to accessibility, there’s a lot to know. One of the biggest challenges when designing for accessibility is knowing what needs you should design for.
On Smashing Magazine, one web developer explains “accessibility lenses,” by which designers can analyze their websites and other online interfaces, to ensure the end product meets the needs of its users.
“It’s not that we intentionally design to exclude users, it’s just that we don’t know what we don’t know. How do we go about understanding the myriad of users and their needs? How can we ensure that their needs are met in our design?”
“Accessibility lenses” are a filter that we can use to understand how different aspects of the design affect the needs of the users. Each lens presents a set of questions to ask yourself throughout the design process. By using these lenses, you will become more inclusive to the needs of your users, allowing you to design a more accessible user experience for all.
There are 12 accessibility lenses to consider in web design. Read them in detail here: https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2018/04/designing-accessibility-inclusion/